Cannabis flowers are full of beneficial compounds, but most people are only familiar with some of them. Looking for a new marijuana strain, patients usually pay attention to the presence of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), but only a few know that cannabigerol (CBG) is a precursor of the mentioned chemicals that also has a lot of medical benefits.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is one more cannabis chemical compound that was first discovered by scientists as a component of hashish. Its predecessor is the cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is the primary cannabinoid. The enzymes in the plant transform CBGA into the well-known cannabinoids like THC, CBD, and CBC. It is important to mention that CBG does not cause any psychedelic effects, but it has many other benefits for your health.
Most medical marijuana strains have a low level of CBGA because of its conversion to other cannabinoids. However, it was found that industrial hemp is rich in CBGA that can turn into CBG under high temperatures. Another way of getting CBG is to extract it from budding cannabis plants. There are some high-CBG cannabis oils like the Viridesco Phoenix Tears and the Medibloom: Lyme Aid Phoenix Tears.
Some breeders have also cultivated special pot strains with high CBG levels. For instance, such strains as Bediol bred by Bedrocan BV Medicinal Cannabis and Mickey Kush created by TGA Genetics Subcool Seeds contain a high level of CBG.
CBG, like any other cannabis compound, interacts with the human endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for proper homeostasis in our systems. Particularly, CBG affects the CB2 receptors and blocks the uptake of GABA, a brain chemical that regulates neuron stimulation. In other words, the suppressed GABA reduces stress and muscle tension.
In addition to stress relief, scientists have also discovered that CBG can be potentially effective for treating the following illnesses.
A 2013 animal-based study discovered that CBG had a beneficial effect on inflammatory bowel disease. Researchers found that CBG attenuated murine colitis and reduced nitric oxide production in laboratory mice.
Bladder dysfunction disorders are usually caused by urinary stress incontinence and detrusor overactivity. However, CBG appears to be effective at reducing muscle contractions and can be used for preventing bladder dysfunction.
A recent 2015 study conducted by Spanish scientists revealed the neuroprotective properties of CBG that allowed reducing the brain cell degeneration in mice suffering from Huntington's disease.
In one of the latest studies, researchers found that purified CBG was a novel appetite stimulant in rats. Thus, CBG can be potentially used as an alternative way of treating cachexia or weight loss, especially since it is free of any psychotropic side effects.
A 2008 study that investigated the effects of cannabinoids for glaucoma treatment discovered that CBG was a strong vasodilator with neuroprotective effects that could be used for reducing intraocular pressure.
Though the effects of CBG are not fully studied yet, researchers are inspired by their first findings. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antidepressant properties, CBG seems to be a promising medicine for treating various illnesses. If you have already experienced the benefits of CBG, tell us in the comments below.